State Budget Sources Guide and Budget Practice Report Card
State Budget Sources
State Budget Sources: An Annotated Guide to State Budgets, Financial Reports, and Fiscal Analyses is a resource published by the Volcker Alliance designed to help public officials, policy advocates, journalists, academics, and concerned citizens fully understand the critical fiscal decisions that governors and legislators must make. The guide includes the links below to budgets for this state as well as legislative analyses of budget bills and treasurers’ or comptrollers’ monthly state cash-flow statements; capital spending plans; reports on public-worker pension funding and returns; and reports by local and national fiscal research organizations, bond rating firms, and associations of state fiscal and finance officials.
Executive and Other Constitutional Finance Offices
This department is responsible for functions that typically are not housed in state treasuries. They include the Office of Management and Budget, revenue and economic analysis, pensions, property management, information technology, and tax administration, as well as more traditional responsibilities such as investments and debt management.
Debt management, with links to annual debt reports.
Basic budget and financial reports. Publications include Citizens’ Guide to the Budget, and the Reader’s Guide provides information on items such as the budget process; housed in the Treasury Department.
Performance information and reports on revenue, spending, payroll, pensions, and debt.
Summaries of governor’s budget, comprehensive annual financial reports, and reports on pension funds.
Focused on children’s needs, with some attention to budget issues.
Coverage of budget and tax policy; part of the State Priorities Partnership, a network of state organizations coordinated by the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.
News site offering coverage of New Jersey budget and other fiscal issues, in addition to political news and analysis.
Umbrella office that includes budget and finance, the legislative auditor, and other public information functions.
Analysis of the governor’s budget, budget resolutions, and Appropriations Act summaries; links to Office of Legislative Services’ periodic revenue updates.
Financial, performance, information technology, and school district audits; special reports as requested by the Legislature.
State Budget Report Cards
The report cards found here contain grades of the state's budgetary practices during the fiscal years of 2015 through 2019. Each state received marks in five critical categories, based on their adherence to best practices in several key budgeting indicators. The five categories covered methods used to achieve budgetary balance as well as how budgets and other financial information are disclosed to the public.
States received grades of A to D-minus (there are no “failed states”) for their procedures in estimating revenues and expenditures; their use of one-time actions to balance budgets; how they oversee and use rainy day funds and other fiscal reserves; the adequacy of their funding of public worker retirement and other postemployment benefits; and the quality of transparency of budget and related financial information. The grades are based on research conducted by public finance and budgeting professors and students at eight US schools of public administration or policy. The universities’ research efforts were augmented by Volcker Alliance staff, data consultants at Municipal Market Analytics, and special project consultants Katherine Barrett and Richard Greene.
Select a State Below to View State Report Cards and Budget Sources
- National Organizations and Federal Agencies
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- New York
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- Rhode Island
- South Carolina
- South Dakota
- West Virginia